Added 8 August 2005.

Family BUFONIDAE - Toads

Genus PEDOSTIBES - Asian Tree Toads

Pedostibes is characterised as follows: pupil horizontal; tongue elliptical, entire and free behind; tympanum present or absent; fingers and toes webbed, the tips dilated into regular discs; outer metatarsals united [Daniel].

This page is an ongoing work due to the need to collate further material.

P. everetti P. hosii, (Brown) Tree Toad P. kempi
P. maculatus P. rugosus P. tuberculosus, Malabar Tree Toad

Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Size Notes
P. everetti   ?? ?" No data available.
P. hosii (Brown) Tree Toad ?? ?" No data available.
P. kempi   India (Assam) ?" Tympanum hidden.
P. maculatus     ?" No data available.
P. rugosus     ?" No data available.
P. tuberculosus Malabar Tree Toad India (Kerala and Goa) 35mm SVL Found in evergreen and moist deciduous forests; may or may not be close to water. Morphology: small slender toad. Fingers webbed at base; 1st finger ½ length of 2nd; toes almost fully webbed; tips of fingers and toes dilated into truncated discs. Parotoids present; tympanum distinct, 1/3 diameter of eye; dorsal skin tubercular with largest tubercles forming two dorsolateral rows. Coloration: dorsally brownish-grey with darker sides; white band from below eye to shoulder, another on the flank; ventrally whitish with black spots.


Frogs and Toads of the World, Chris Mattison, Blandford Press, London 1992. Useful and informative introduction to the subject. Some of the taxonomy is slightly out of date.

Keeping and Breeding Amphibians, Chris Mattison, Blandford Press,

The Proper Care of Amphibians, John Coborn, TFH, 1992. Although I have been often critical of Coborn's books in the past - some, notably on lizards, have contained erroneous information - this is not a bad one. It is very useful for an oversight of all the amphibian families and contains some information on many species which are rarely seen in captivity.

Urania Tierreich: Fische, Lurche, Kriechtiere (various authors, but edited I believe by Professor Kurt Deckert: amphibian contributor was Dr Günther Freytag), Urania-Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig. Part of a 6-volume encyclopedia set on the animal kingdom and perhaps comparable to Grzimek's volumes, this volume provides a very useful overview of all the genera and many representative species.

Herpetology of China, Er-mi Zhao and Kraig Adler, SSAR, 1993. Catalogue of practically every reptile and amphibian species found in mainland China, Hongkong, Macao, Tibet and Taiwan. There are few details of the ecology of the animals, but readers are referred to a very comprehensive bibliography, and colour plates are provided for many of the creatures listed.

The Book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians, J C Daniel, Bombay Natural History Society, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2002.


AmphibiaWeb is a useful source for species lists and seems to be the amphibian equivalent of the EMBL Reptile Database. A very worthwhile and important project which also focuses on conservation and the issue of amphibian decline. I acknowledge my debt to this site for filling in the gaps in the different amphibian genera. Any mistakes on these pages are my own!

An even greater debt is owed to for assistance in this project.