Added 9 June 2001. Last updated 30 October 2012: merged former Norops species and updated and added several new entries..

A look at the

Genus Anolis - Anole Lizards

Family IGUANIDAE [POLYCHROTIDAE]



Genus Anolis - Anole Lizards

The table below lists all the currently known species of the genus Anolis. Many species were split off into the genus Norops within the past decade or so, but more recently the new genus has been viewed as invalid. Therefore we have included all the former Norops species here, marked with an N. to show their former assignment. This may help enthusiasts since recent literature may refer to Norops rather than Anolis.

Despite the huge size of the genus, very few Anolis species are kept in captivity. The Green Anole (A. carolinensis) is offered fairly often but does not get the attention it deserves, being usually regarded as a "beginner's" lizard. As its range in the southern US is being encroached upon by alien (non-native) anoles, this would seem to indicate the right time and opportunity for keepers to begin breeding some of this species in captivity. The large Knight Anole (A. equestris) is also seen, albeit less frequently. European hobbyists and breeders are working on other species, but even so at the moment these reptiles are regarded as suitable for specialists only rather than being sought after. See the Bibliography for some helpful guides.

Those Anolis species at least occasionally seen in the trade are marked with an asterisk (*): those which are common, with two (**). For the full genus listing including distribution details, visit the Reptile Database page. Although we hope to have details here for all species eventually, this will take quite some time. See also the Bibliography and Links below.

NOTES: "Hispaniola" here refers to Haiti and Western Dominica. Unless otherwise stated, all islands are in the Caribbean region.

Scientific Name

Common Name

Distribution

Size

Notes

Anolis

Anolis achilles

? Anole

Costa Rica

?"

See EMBL database entry. No other information available.

A. acutus

St Croix Anole

Lesser Antilles: US Virgin Islands, St. Croix, Puerto Rico Bank

8"

Dorsal coloration is a shade of bronze but may vary between dark brown and grey: dewlap is white to dull grey and edged in yellow or orange [Heselhaus & Schmidt]. It is closely related to A. cristatellus and kin. Anole Pictures has several shots of this species.

A. adleri

 

Mexico

 

 

A. aeneus

 

 

 

 

A. aequatorialis

 

 

 

 

A. agassizi

 

 

 

 

A. agueroi

Cabo Cruz Bearded Anole

Cuba

?"

Occasionally considered a Chameleolis species instead. No other information available.

A. [N.] ahli

Escambray Blue-Eyed Anole

Cuba (Sierra de Trinidad)

5-6½"

This is a brown anole with very obscure red striping on the back and a black patch on the neck [Heselhaus & Schmidt]. Orange-red dewlap edged in yellow: no other information so far available.

A. alayoni

Alayon's Twig Anole

E Cuba

3-4"

Dark yellow dewlap: no other information so far available. See also diagnosis in Reptile Database entry.

A. albimaculatus

 

 

 

Now considered synonymous with A. boettgeri: see Reptile Database entry

A. alfaroi

Small-Fanned Bush Anole

E Cuba

3-4?"

Small bush-dwelling anoles found at heights up to 780m. Small pale grey dewlap with white inner scales [Perez i Gorgoy]: no other information so far available.

A. aliniger

Northern Green Twig Anole

Haiti, Dominican Republic

?"

Bromeliad dweller [Fläschendräger]. This is an attractive green anole with a yellow smudge over its eyes that trails backward to eventually fade into the green of the body behind the head. There is a similar yellow-coloured pocket just in front of the arm socket. A trace of blue may be seen on the upper lip.

A. allisoni*

Allison's Anole, Blue Anole

Cuba, Honduras, Mexico (Quintana Roo), Belize, Islas de la Bahia

6-8"

Tree dweller very similar in appearance to the better known Green Anole, A. carolinensis, but with flatter and longer snout. Males often have light blue heads and anterior bodies: the species has an elongated ear opening in contrast to the oval or vertical ear of other species [Walls].

A. [N.] allogus

Spanish Flag Anole

Cuba

7½"

This is a forest dweller, being found on tree trunks or the ground. Coloration is a dorsal red-brown with a yellow reticulum: dewlap is yellow with 3-4 vertical stripes [Heselhaus & Schmidt, Perez i Gorgoy]. There are three distinct crests along the back and tail. See the CAD entry for a picture and more details.

A. [N.] altae

High Anole

Costa Rica

 

 

A. altavelensis

Alto Velo Gracile Anole

Isla Alto Velo (Dominican Republic)

4?"

Confined to small island of Alto Velo off the Dominican Republic. No other information available.

A. altitudinalis

Turquino Green-Mottled Anole

E Cuba


Formerly considered subspecies of A. isolepis: see Reptile Database Entry.

A. alumina

Barahona Grass Anole

Barahona Peninsula (SE Haiti, SW Dominican Rep.)

4-5"

Grass-dwelling anole with pale green-yellow dewlap. Perez i Gorgoy notes that this species is closely related to A. semilineatus and A. olsonni. No other information available.

A. alutaceous

Cuban Grass Anole

Cuba, Isla de la Juventud

4"

Small brown bush-dwelling anole. See Heselhaus & Schmidt for husbandry details: good ventilation is of primary importance.

A. [N.] alvarazdelteroi

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] amplisquamosus

 

 

 

 

A. anchicayae


Colombia


See Reptile Database entry for more details.

A. andianus

 

 

 

 

A. anfiloquioi

 

 

 

 

A. angusticeps

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] anisolepis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] annectens

Black-Throated Stout Anole

S Haiti, SW Dominican Republic

5-6"

 

A. [N.] anoriensis


Colombia


Found in Andes mountains: see Reptile Database entry for more details.

A. antioquiae

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] antonii

Statia Bank Tree Anole

Lesser Antilles (St. Eustatius, St. Christopher, Nevis)

8-12"

 

A. apletophallus


Panama


See Reptile Database entry for more details.

A. apollinaris

Boulenger's Anole 

Colombia 

 

 

A. [N.] aquaticus

Water Anole

Costa Rica, Panama

 

 

A. argenteolus

 

 

 

 

A. argillaceous

 

 

 

 

A. armouri

Black-Throated Stout Anole, Armoured Anole

S Haiti, SW Dominican Republic

5-6"

Distinctly terrestrial anole that dwells in pine forests and woods, often among rocks or even on cobbled streambeds (Perez i Gorgoy). The latter notes that this anole does not climb at all. Dewlap is green-grey. Once considered a subspecies of A. cybotes.

A. attenuatus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] auratus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] baccatus

 

 

 

 Now considered to be synonymous with Mexican specimens of A. carolinensis: see Reptile Database entry for details.

A. baharucoensis

 

 

 

 

A. baleatus

 

 

 

 

A. baracoae

 

 

 

 

A. barahonae

 

 

 

 

A. barbatus

 

 

 

 

A. barbouri

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] barkeri

 

 

 

 

A. bartschi

 

 

 

 

A. beckeri

Becker's Anole

Mexico (Yucatan, Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Veracruz), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, N Nicaragua



A. bellipeniculus

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. benedikti


Costa Rica, Panama


Described in 2011: see Reptile Database entry for details.

A. [N.] bicaorum

 

 

 

 

A. bimaculata

Statia Bank Tree Anole

Lesser Antilles (St. Eustatius, St. Christopher, Nevis)

8-12"

Formerly considered A. barbudensis until 1991. This is an attractive arboreal anole, being a green with darker speckling on the back and a thin yellow stripe running laterally from the snout to the ear and another from the ear to the elbow. Some photos also show somewhat blue-headed specimens. The subspecies A. b. leachi is more a brown-gray colour. Males have very low and erectile occipital crests: in addition to this ornamentation, they are considerably larger than the females. The dewlap is white spotted on a green or yellow background. A. bimaculata dwells in the tops of palm trees, thus necessitating a tall vivarium. See Heselhaus & Schmidt for husbandry details.

A. b. bimaculata

A. b. leachi

Antigua, Bermuda

A. binotatus

 

 

 

 

A. biporcatus

Tropical Green Anole

S Mexico to N South America

8-9"

Also similar in appearance to A. carolinensis, but with a heavier head and heavier ridges over the eyes and a grey to dark olive meshwork of varying design over the uniform green colour [Walls]. Dewlap is pink with bright blue centre.

A. [N.] birama

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] bitectus

 

 

 

 

A. blanquillanus

?

Venezuela (Isla Margarita and Morro Fondeadero), Columbia (La Guajira peninsula)

10"

Arboreal species. Males are larger. See the Fläschendräger article for records of this anole in captivity.

A. [N.] bocourtii

?

Venezuela (Isla Margarita and Morro Fondeadero), Columbia (La Guajira peninsula)

10"

Arboreal species. Males are larger. See the Fläschendräger article for records of this anole in captivity.

A. boettgeri

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] bombiceps

 

 

 

 

A. bonairensis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] bouvierii

 

 

 

Now considered synonymous with A. ortonii: see Reptile Database entry.

A. brasiliensis

Brazilian Anole

Brazil


Formerly considered a subspecies of A. nitens: see Reptile Database entry.

A. [N.] breedlovei

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] bremeri

 

 

 

 

A. brevirostris

 

 

 

 

A. brunneus

 

 

 

 

A. calimae

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] campbelli


W Guatemala


Described in 2008: see Reptile Database entry.

A. [N.] capito

Tropical Short-Headed Anole

SE Mexico to Panama

8"

One of the few anole species where the female may be larger than the male. Overall colour is usually brown: males may be mottled or streaked, but females can also have a dark brown mottling and a white middorsal stripe and black dorsolateral stripes [Walls].

A. caquetae

 

 

 

 

A. carlostoddi

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. carolinensis**

(Northern) Green Anole

USA (North Carolina to S Texas, inc. Florida)

8"

The only native US anole. Florida populations are under pressure from introduced species. Easily distinguishable in its range and in the trade by uniform green colour and pink dewlap with white spotted pattern. Females have a pale dorsal stripe [de Vosjoli]. Click here for some pictures.

A. [N.] carpenteri

 

 

 

 

A. casildae

 

 

 

 

A. caudalis

 

 

 

 

A. centralis

 

 

 

 

A. chameleonides

 

 

 

 

A. charlesmyersi


Costa Rica, Panama


Considered part of A. pentaprion until 2010: see Reptile Database entry.

A. chloris

 

 

 

 

A. chlorocyanus

Hispaniola Green Anole

Hispaniola, Ile de la Gonave, Ile de la Tortue, Isla Saona; Florida (introduced), Surinam (introduced).

?"

Very similar in appearance and behaviour to the Green Anole A. carolinensis, but can be distinguished from the latter by a blue dewlap. There is one known subspecies, A. c. cyanostictus.

A. chocorum

 

 

 

 

A. christophei

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] chrysolepis

Goldenscale Anole

S Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, N Brazil

 

A. clivicola

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] cobanensis

 

 

 

 

A. coelestinus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] compressicauda

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] concolor

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] confusus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] conspersus

 

 

 

 

A. cooki

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] crassulus

 

 

 

 

A. cristatellus*

Crested Anole

Puerto Rico and neighbouring islands: Florida (introduced)

7"

This is a brownish anole with a high crest on the tail and greenish to pale tan delwap [Walls].

A. cristifer

 

 

 

 

A. cryptolimifrons


Costa Rica, Panama


Formerly considered part of A. limifrons: see Reptile Database entry.

A. [N.] cumingii

 

 

 

 

A. cupeyalensis

 

 

 

 

A. cuscoensis





A. [N.] cusuco

 

 

 

 

A. cuvieri

Puerto Rican Giant Anole

Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

16"

Light, almost lemon green giant anole which if stressed turns darker in colour. The dewlap of the male is yellow in the male, yellow-green in the female. Both sexes have black and green eyelid markings. This species is found on the trunk and crown of large trees and in captivity requires a tall cage with reasonably thick branches. Like the Knight Anole A. equestris it has a hard bite. See Heselhaus & Schmidt for husbandry details.

A. cyanopleuris

 

 

 

 

A. cybotes*

Big-Headed Anole

Venezuela (Isla Margarita and Morro Fondeadero), Columbia (La Guajira peninsula)

8"

Plain brown species that preys on smaller anoles and geckos among other prey. Adult males have a large nap crest and a yellowish dewlap with sometimes a pink centre [Walls]. It is a terrestrial anole.

A. [N.] cymbops

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] damulus

 

 

 

 

A. danieli

 

 

 

 

A. darlingtoni

 

 

 

 

A. datzorum


Costa Rica, Panama


Described in 2007.

A. [N.] delafuentei

 

 

 

 

A. deltae

 

 

 

 

A. desenchis

 

 

 

 

A. dissimilis

 

 

 

 

A. distichus

Bark Anole (also Hispaniolan Gracile Anole)

Hispaniola, Bahamas

5"

Somewhat gecko-like in appearance, the Bark Anole is variable in appearance with an impressive total of 17 subspecies. Overall colour is a mixture of brown and grey with a brown line between the eyes: dewlaps vary between white, pale yellow, orange and red: many have a dark red spot in the centre [Walls].

A. dolichocephalus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] dollfusianus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] duellmani

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] dunni

Dunn's Anole

Mexico (Guerrero)



A. eewi

 

 

 

 

A. equestris**

Knight Anole

Cuba: Florida, Hawaii (introduced)

20"

Robust but somewhat aggressive arboreal anole. It is an attractive blue-green colour with fairly distinctive eyes that look as if they have been done in eye-liner. As well as insects it will also eat fruit. It bites hard but does well in captivity when set up properly. Their aggression necessitates a large cage if more than one is to be kept: de Vosjoli recommends a minimum of 55 gallon size for one male and two females. Allen and Neill, 1957, stated that individuals of this species will often mangle another anoles if held in the same bag (eg during collecting - this would apply also to transportation of captive individuals!).

A. ernestwilliamsi

 

 

 

 

A. etheridgei

 

 

 

 

A. eugenegrahami

 

 

 

 

A. eulaemus

 

 

 

 

A. euskalerriari

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. evermanni

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] exsul


 

Panama

?"

Some authorities consider this to be synonymous with A. fortunensis: see Reptile Database entry.

A. extremus

 

 

 

 

A. fairchildi

 

 

 

 

A. fasciatus

 

 

 

 

A. ferreus

Marie-Galante Anole

Marie-Galante island (south of Guadaloupe).

14"

Formerly considered a subspecies of A. marmoratus, A. ferreus was raised to full species status in . It has a very restricted range and is furthermore somewhat selective in its choice of habitat, favouring regions with the biggest and tallest trees that are nevertheless not too densely planted [Heselhaus & Schmidt].

A. festae

 

 

 

 

A. fitchi

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] forbesi

Forbes' Anole

Mexico.

?"

??].

A. [N.] fortunensis

? Anole

?

?"

??.

A. fowleri

 

 

 

 

A. fraseri

 

 

 

 

A. frenatus

 

 

 

 

A. fugitivus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] fungosus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] fuscoauratus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] gadovii

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] garmani*

Jamaican Giant Anole

Jamaica, Cayman Islands: Florida (introduced)

14"

N. garmani is bright green in colour with an orange dewlap with an olive-yellow edge. There is a series of upwards-reaching subtle green bands on the sides.

A. garridoi

 

 

 

 

A. gemmosus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] gibbiceps

Hook Anole

Guyana, N Venezuela

?"

??.

A. gingivinus

 

Lesser Antilles (islands of St Martin, St Barthelemy, Anguilla and Sombrero)

5-7"

Formerly considered a subspecies of A. bimaculatus. This anole is rather plain in appearance, being overall brown to brown-grey with faint darker brown markings over the back, sides and legs. A dull white lateral stripe runs from the lips along the body as far as the rear legs. Males have a yellow dewlap with light spots [Heselhaus & Schmidt]. Although in the wild they live in trees and on rocks near the sea, they also do not shun the vicinity of human habitations. See Heselhaus & Schmidt for husbandry details.

A. gorgonae

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] gracilipes

St Vincent Tree Anole

St Vincent (Lesser Antilles)

14"

??.

A. [N.] grahami

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] granuliceps

 

 

 

 

A. greyi

 

 

 

Briefly elevated to species status in 2003, now considered a subspecies of A. sagrei: see Reptile Database entry

A. griseus*

St Vincent Tree Anole

St Vincent (Lesser Antilles)

14"

A large treetop-dweller characterised by slender body and relatively long legs: colour is an overall grey brown that can turn somewhat olive, with laterally a light stripe and small dark spots, and a short white stripe above the forelimbs. Throat and neck are light yellow and there are irregular black specks on the nape. Both sexes have a grey dewlap with yellow or orange markings [Heselhaus & Schmidt]. It is apparently fairly common in the coastal regions. See Heselhaus & Schmidt for husbandry details.

A. gruuo


Panama



A. [N.] guafe

 

 

 

 

A. guamuhaya

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] guazuma

 

 

 

 

A. gundlachi

 

 

 

 

A. haetianus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] haguei

Hague's Anole

Guatemala

 

 

A. hendersoni

 

 

 

 

A. heterodermus

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. [N.] hobartsmithi

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] homolechis

 

 

 

 

A. huilae

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] humilis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] ibague

 

 

 

 

A. ibanezi


Costa Rica, W Panama



A. [N.] imias

 

 

 

 

A. impetigosus

 

 

 

 

A. incredulus

 

 

 

 

A. inderenae

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. inexpectatus

 

 

 

 

A. insignis

 

 

 

 

A. insolitus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] intermedius



 

 

A. isolepis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] isthmicus

 

 

 

 

A. jacare

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] johnmeyeri

 

 

 

 

A. juangundlachi

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] jubar

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] kemptoni

 

 

 

 

A. koopmani

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] kreutzi

 

 

 

 

A. krugi

 

 

 

 

A. kunayalae


Panama



A. laevis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] laeviventris

 

 

 

 

A. lamari

 

 

 

 

A. latifrons

 

 

 

 

A. leachii

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] lemniscatus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] lemurinus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] limifrons

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] lineatopus

Stripefoot Anole

Jamaica

?"

??.

A. [N.] lineatus

Striped Anole

 

?"

??.

A. [N.] liogaster

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] lionotus

 

 

 

 

A. litoralis


E Cuba


Formerly considered a subspecies of A. centralis: see Reptile Database entry.

A. lividus

 

 

 

 

A. longicauda

 

 

 

 

A. longiceps

 

 

 

 

A. longitibialis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] loveridgei

 

 

 

 

A. loysiana

 

 

 

 

A. luciae

?

St Lucia

9"

A. luciae is another lizard that seems to have taken advantage of civilisation, being found in high numbers in trees and bushes in and around villages and hotel gardens [Heselhaus & Schmidt]. However, they are much less common in the south-central part of the island. Owing to their strong colour-changing abilities, specimens may appear an overall colour of yellow, brown/grey, black or dark green, although females tend to be light brown with a pattern of dark spots and stripes [ibid]. The legs may be tinged with blue, while the dewlaps are grey-white with a thin black margin and sometimes small black spots. Heselhaus & Schmidt recommend these anoles as not particularly difficult to breed if set up correctly.

A. lucius

 

 

 

An anole that somewhat resembles a gecko, both morphologically and behaviourally [Allen and Neill, 1957]. The latter authors found the species to be abundant in two bat caves, some also being found outside in full sunlight. Overall it appears to be confined to limestone outcrops. When grasped they often squeak. In appearance A. lucius has a short snout, a head broad at the temples and large eyes, resembling in these characteristics geckos such as Gymnodactylus and Hemidactylus. However it also has typically anoline characteristics such as a large head fan, long limbs and slender, vertically compressed tail, sometimes keeled above. Reproduction: eggs are laid singly or in groups of 2-3, attached to cave walls and crannies. [SOURCE: Allen and Neil 1957].

A. luteogularis

Western Giant Anole

Cuba, Isla de Juventud.

22"

One of the "giant" anoles, first named in 1935. This is a darkish green anole with yellow spotting and beige dewlap [Heselhaus & Schmidt]. The photo in de Vosjoli's book would seem to indicate that the spotting is in fact a pale, almost beige colour, although it is more yellow on the head.

A. luteosignifer

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] lynchi

 

 

 

 

A. lyra


NW Ecuador, C Colombia


Described in 2009: see Reptile Database entry for details.

A. macilentus

 


 

 

A. [N.] macrinii

 

 

 

 

A. maculigula

 

 

 

 

A. magnaphallus


W Panama



A. marcanoi

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] macrolepis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] macrophallus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] maculiventris

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] mariarum

 

 

 

 

A. marmoratus

 

 

 

 

A. marron

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] matudai

 

 

 

 

A. maynardi

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] medemi

 

 

 

 

A. megalopithecus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] megapholidotus

 

 

 

 

A. menta

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] meridionalis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] mestrei

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] microlepidotus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] microlepis

 

 

 

 

A. microtus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] milleri

 

 

 

 

A. mirus

 

 

 

 

A. monensis

 

 

 

 

A. monteverde


Costa Rica


Described in 2009: based partly on A. [N.] altae. See Reptile Database entry for details.

A. monticola

 

 

 

 

A. morazani


Honduras


Described in 2009: see Reptile Database entry for details.

A. [N.] muralla

 

 

 

 

A. nasofrontalis

 

 

 

 

A. neblininus

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. [N.] nebuloides

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] nebulosus

Clouded Anole

Mexico (Sinaloa)

?"

It is an attractive blue-grey colour. De Vosjoli has a picture.

A. nelsoni

 

 

 

 

A. nicefori

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. nigrolineatus

 

 

 

 

A. nigropunctatus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] nitens

 

 

 

 

A. noblei

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] notopholis

 

 

 

 

A. nubilis

 

 

 

 

A. occultus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] ocelloscapularis

 

 

 

 

A. oculatus

 

 

 

 

A. oligaspis

 

 

 

 

A. olssoni

 

 

 

 

A. oporinus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] omiltemanus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] onca

?

Venezuela (Isla Margarita and Morro Fondeadero), Columbia (La Guajira peninsula)

10"

This species differs from other anoles in having no adhesive lamallae on its toes but has keeled scales instead. For this reason it was once placed in a separate, monotypic genus, Tropiodactylus. [Fläschendräger]. It is a ground dweller but will climb into bushes.

A. [N.] opalinus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] ophiolepis

 

 

 

 

A. oporinus

Pimienta Green Anole

E Cuba



A. orcesi

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. [N.] ortonii

 

 

 

 

A. osa


Costa Rica


Described in 2010: see Reptile Database entry for details.

A. otongae


Ecuador


Described in 2010: see Reptile Database entry for details.

A. [N.] oxylophus


Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama



A. [N.] pachypus

 

 

 

 

A. palmeri

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] pandoensis

 

 

 

 

A. paravertebralis





A. parilis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] parvicirculatus

 

 

 

 

A. paternus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] pentaprion

 

 

 

 

A. peraccae

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] petersii

 

 

 

 

A. philopunctatus

 

 

 

 

A. phyllorhinus

 

 

 

 

A. pigmaequestris

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] pijolense

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] pinchoti

 

 

 

 

A. placidus

 

 

 

 

A. podocarpus


Ecuador


Described in 2010: see Reptile Database entry for details.

A. [N.] poecilopus

 

 

 

 

A. pogus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] polylepis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] polyrhachis

 

 

 

 

A. poncensis

 

 

 

 

A. porcatus*

Cuban Green Anole

Cuba, Hispaniola, Dominican Republic: Florida, Hawaii (introduced).

10"

This is another anole that has recently settled into Florida from its original habitat. To complicate matters, it closely resembles the native Green Anole, A. carolinensis, and is apparently closely related.

A. porcus

 

 

 

 

A. princeps

 

 

 

 

A. proboscis

Ecuadorian Leaf-Nosed Anole 

Ecuador

SVL 7½cm (exc. appdg); TL 17cm (exc. appdg) 

Notably distinguished by elongated fleshy appendage, about as long as the head, with a distinct downward curve. A. phyllorhinus has a similar appendage, but scalation counts are different. In 1956 Peters and Orcés-V reported that this species was rare and they were unable to find more than one individual. Scalation: rostral has serrated edge; 10-11 supralabials; 9-10 infralabials; median dorsal row of scales which forms serrated dorsal crest of about 85 spines. Other: body slightly compressed. Coloration (in preservative): overall gun-metal blue with irregular parallel horizontal black streaks along vertebral margin; these lines form an approximate pair of lateral bands between the limbs; dark brownish-black spot at shoulder; limbs and lateral surfaces spotted with light yellowish-white; limbs vaguely barred with darker blue; light spot over ear opening; ventral surfaces mostly lighter with vague reddish tints on chest and chin; belly stippled with light spots; limbs ventrally spotted with white proximally that becomes totally white on foot; tail alternately barred with dorsal coloration and blackish bands [SOURCE: Peters & Orcés-V]

A. propinquus

 

 

 

 

A. pseudokemptoni


Panama


Described in 2007: see Reptile Database entry for details.

A. pseudopachypus


Panama


Described in 2007.

A. pseudotigrinus

 

 

 

 

A. pulchellus

 

 

 

 

A. pumilus

 

 

 

 

A. punctatus

Spotted Anole

Brazil (Amazon), E Venezuela, French Guyana, Surinam, Guyana, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia

8"

Males can be distinguished from other species by a hump or knob on the tip of the snout. Overall colour varies from bright green to purplish, with several rows of spots of a various shade of blue across the back and sides. Both sexes have a yellow or orange dewlap, the male's usually being larger. These anoles are somewhat unusual in their behaviour, preferring shade to basking and being solitary rather than pairing. The females lay two eggs per clutch. There are two subspecies, the nominate and A. p. boulengeri. For a picture of A. punctatus, click here. The EMBL entry also has some links.

A. purpurescens

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] purpurgularis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] pygmaeus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] quadriocellifer

 

 

 

 

A. quaggulus




See Reptile Database entry for details.

A. [N.] quercorum

 

 

 

 

A. radulinus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] reconditus

 

 

 

 

A. rejectus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] rhombifer

 

 

 

 

A. richardii

 

 

 

 

A. ricordii

Haitian Giant Anole

Haiti, W Dominican Republic

18"

A true giant among anoles, yielding only to the Knight Anole A. equestris in size. A. ricordii is otherwise unremarkable in appearance, being an overall green with some light spotting and a small crest. They are arboreal and somewhat aggressive. Click here for a caresheet.

A. rimarum

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] rivalis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] roatanensis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] rodriguezi

 

 

 

 

A. roosevelti

Culebra Island Giant Anole

Isla Culebra, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

6½"

Large arboreal brownish-grey anole with two lateral lines running from ear and shoulder to the vent and distinct light spot on the head. See the excellent article by Buchholz & Hurt, to whom this entry is indebted. In addition to the normal insect fare, this anole also apparently feeds on the fruit of the fig tree. Wild populations are under pressure from deforestation and chemical spraying [Buchholz & Hurt] and is listed as a Red Book species by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

A. roquet

Martinique Anole

Lesser Antilles (Martinique )

?"

A very attractive anole, overall green in colour but some specimens having blue-grey bodies with yellow spots. The dewlap is grey to orange, usually with lighter specks of white or yellow. [Walls] There are at least two subspecies, the nominate and A. r. suma.

A. [N.] rubribarbaris

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] rubribarbus

 

 

 

 

A. ruibali

Cabo Cruz Pallid Anole

Cuba


Described in 2004.

A. ruizi

 

 

 

 

A. rupinae

 

 

 

 

A. sabanus

Panther Anole

Saba (Lesser Antilles)

7"

Attractive and interesting anole that is found both on the rocky parts of this volcanic island and on the trees in the interior. Overall colour is silver with black "leopard" markings [Heselhaus & Schmidt]. See the latter for details of husbandry.

A. [N.] sagrei**

(Cuban) Brown Anole

Mexico (Yucatan), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Cuba, Jamaica, Bahamas, Isla de la Juventud, Cayman Islands, Isla de la Bahia; Florida, Georgia, Hawaii (introduced)

8½"

Widely spread throughout the Carribean, with several subspecies. Although the EMBL entry now considers this a Norops species, this is unlikely to catch on at the popular level at least. Brown Anoles are more terrestrial than Green Anoles, one reason why similar-sized specimens of the two species may be kept together in community vivaria. Indeed, Heselhaus & Schmidt suggest that the Brown Anole can be kept with most similar-sized "green" species. It should be noted however that males are extremely aggressive towards each other. The red dewlap of the male is edged in a paler colour and is spotted. Males are generally larger than females, have proportionately larger heads and a nuchal crest [de Vosjoli]. See below for details of the differentiation between the various subspecies. The Florida population is an interesting case: originally it was colonised by the two subspecies A. s. sagrei and A. s. ordinatus, but these have become so intergraded with each other that distinction between the two in this part of the world is no longer possible. Joachim Suntrup has an interesting page on captive care and breeding of Brown Anoles.

A. [N.] s. greyi*

Anole

Central Cuba

Crimson dewlap with white spotting: similar red marking around the eyes.

A. [N.] s. luteosignifer*

Anole

Cayman Brac

 

A. [N.] s. mayensis*

Anole

?

 

A. [N.] s. nelsoni*

Anole

Swan Island (off Yucatan, Mexico)

 

A. [N.] s. ordinatus*

Bahaman Brown Anole

Bahamas

Dewlap is yellow-orange with a few largeish red markings.

A. [N.] s. sagrei*

Cuban (Brown) Anole

Cuba, Yucatan coast (Mexico), Belize: Florida, Hawaii (introduced).

Nominate subspecies, and probably the main invader of US territories.

A. [N.] s. scripti*

Anole

?

Recorded by Heselhaus & Schmidt: otherwise I have been unable to find any further information. Similar in appearance to A. s. greyi but lacks the eye markings.

A. [N.] salvini

 

 

 

 

A. santamartae

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] scapularis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] schiedei

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] schmidti

 

 

 

 

A. scriptus

 

 

 

 

A. semilineatus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] sericeus

Blue-Spot-/Silky Anole

Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Honduras

?"

 

 

 

Yellow dewlap with bright blue spot.

A. [N.] s. sericeus

 

A. [N.] s. sallaei

 

A. [N.] s. ustus

 

A. [N.] serranoi

 

 

 

 

A. sheplani

 

 

 

 

A. shrevei

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] simmonsi

 

 

 

 

A. singularis

 

 

 

 

A. smallwoodi

 

 

 

 

A. smaragdinus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] sminthus

 

 

 

 

A. solitarius

 

 

 

 

A. spectrum

 

 

 

 

A. squamulatus

 

 

 

 

A. strahmi

 

 

 

 

A. stratulus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] subocularis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] sulcifrons

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] taylori

 

 

 

 

A. terueli

 

 

 

 

A. tetarii

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. tigrinus

 

 

 

 

A. toldo

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] tolimensis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] townsendi

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] trachyderma

 

 

 

 

A. transversalis

Blue-Eyed Anole

S America (S Venezuela, Columbia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru)

10"

A bromeliad dweller [Fläschendräger]. This is a striking anole in appearance, with blue eyes and sexually dichromatic patterning. Males are green to yellowish green with a heavy dark brown to black spotting over the back, while females are paler but with several broad brown bands across the back that slope diagonally backwards on the sides. Likewise the male dewlap is very large and orange to lemon yellow in colour with paler lines, while the female dewlap is smaller and either dark brown with paler brown spots or white with large black spots [Walls]. Walls suggests that this would probably be a difficult species to keep in captivity. Click here for a picture.

A. trinitatis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] tropidogaster

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] tropidolepis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] tropidonotus

Greater Scaly Anole

Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua

?"

May still often be referred to as Anolis tropidonotus. Click here for a picture. This may be a variable species in colour, since de Vosjoli's photograph shows two rather grey lizards with subtle banding.

A. [N.] uniformis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] utilensis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] utowanae

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] valencienni

 

 

 

 

A. vanidicus

 

 

 

 

A. vanzolinii

 

 

 

Formerly considered a Phenacosaurus species.

A. vaupesianus

 

 

 

 

A. ventrimaculatus

 

 

 

 

A. vermiculatus

 

 

 

 

A. vescus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] vicarius

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] villai

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] vittigerus

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] vociferans

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] wampuensis

 

 

 

 

A. wattsi

 

 

 

 

A. websteri

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] wermuthi

 

 

 

 

A. whitemani

 

 

 

 

A. williamsii

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] woodi

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] yoroensis

 

 

 

 

A. [N.] zeus

 

 

 

 



Bibliography

Lizards of the World, Mattison

Keeping and Breeding Lizards, Mattison

The General Care and Maintenance of Green Anoles, Philippe de Vosjoli, Herpetocultural Library 1992. Probably the best introduction to keeping not just Green Anoles but also many other anole species. De Vosjoli also includes community setups and a selection of non-anole species that could be compatible with these lizards. Recommended.

Carribean Anoles, Heselhaus and Schmidt, TFH. Another excellent book, by two German authors who have personally visited some of the islands where the lizards are distributed. This gives the basic description and captive requirements of most of the Anolis species and is somewhat more comprehensive than some TFH books. Recommended.

"The Gecko-Like Habits of Anolis lucius, a Cuban Anole", E Ross Allen and Wilfred T Neill, Herpetologica Vol 13, 1957.

"A third leaf-nosed species of the lizard genus Anolis from South America", James A Peters and Gustavo Orcés-V., Breviora, Museum of Comparative Zoology No 62, Cambridge Massachusetts, October 3 1956. Gives details of single (type) specimen of A. proboscis.

See also Index of Iguanid Related Articles for articles on Anolis species by Jerry G Walls and Axel Flaschendräger, both of which were invaluable.


Links

Caribbean Anole Database - excellent site by Lluis Perez i Gorgoy in Spanish and English giving information on these lizards. Very good explanation of the different habitats, the islands and the different "types" - "twig-dwarves" and other loose groupings. Recommended.

Anole Pictures - superb Anglo-German site containing well-organised pictures of many different Anolis and kin. Please respect the copyright on these shots! As used by the EMBL reptile database.


Back to Anoles | Back to Iguanids | Back to Lizards | Back to Reptiles | Back to Herpetology | Back to Homepage