Added 17 August 2003. Last updated 20 December 2007: completely amended page.

Newts and Salamanders of Europe

Genus Euproctus - Brook Salamanders


European Brook Salamanders are inhabitants of montane regions (usually 700-2,500m but sometimes between 250-3,000m) where they are closely associated with cold and oxygen-rich flowing water. They may also be found close to mountain lakes or occasionally damp gullies that retain moistness. Hibernation takes place below ground in winter, but they may also aestivate in summer.

Euproctus asper, Pyrenean Brook Salamander Euproctus montanus, Corsican Brook Salamander Euproctus platycephalus, Sardinian Brook Salamander

Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Size Notes
Euproctus asper
Pyrenean Brook Salamander
Euproctus asper, mating
France and Spain (Pyrenees) Max 16½cm Paratoid glands are absent in this species, which is also distinguished by a rough granular skin. Roughened warts are present on the skin which appear as fine white points immediately after shedding. The tail has a very slight dorsal fin. Coloration: dorsally grey, brown, olive, grey-black or black; cave-dwelling individuals may be partially unpigmented. Many animals, especially the young, have a brilliant yellow, partially broken, vertebral stripe, this often being lost with age. Ventral areas are yellow to orange, the gular fold in addition being flecked with dark brown.
E. a. asper
E. a. castelmouliensis Described from the locality of Bagnères-de-Bigorre in the Pyrenees by Wolterstorff in 1925, but today no longer recognised as a valid subspecies.
E. montanus Corsican Brook Salamander Corsica Max 11cm; avg. 7-9½cm Similar in body form to E. platycephalus but the snout protrudes less and the head appears more domed. The tail is only laterally compressed along the last third of its length and the male spur on the hind leg is less pronounced.
E. platycephalus Sardinian Brook Salamander, Flat-Headed Salamander Sardinia 5-6" Slender body with extremely flattened head: nose is protruding and reminiscent of that of a pike. Tail is laterally compressed. Males have a spur-like extension on the hind leg.


Reptiles and Amphibians, Vaclav Lanka and Zbysek Vit, Hamlyn Colour Guide, Prague, 1985

Die Amphibien Europas, Andreas and Christel Nöllert, Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart, 1992.

Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe, E N Arnold, J A Burton, D W Ovenden, 2002 edition.

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