European Brook Salamanders are inhabitants of montane regions (usually 700-2,500m but sometimes between 250-3,000m) where they are closely associated with cold and oxygen-rich flowing water. They may also be found close to mountain lakes or occasionally damp gullies that retain moistness. Hibernation takes place below ground in winter, but they may also aestivate in summer.
|Euproctus asper, Pyrenean Brook Salamander||Euproctus montanus, Corsican Brook Salamander||Euproctus platycephalus, Sardinian Brook Salamander|
|Scientific Name||Common Name||Distribution||Size||Notes|
||Pyrenean Brook Salamander
||France and Spain (Pyrenees)||Max 16½cm||Paratoid glands are absent in this species, which is also distinguished by a rough granular skin. Roughened warts are present on the skin which appear as fine white points immediately after shedding. The tail has a very slight dorsal fin. Coloration: dorsally grey, brown, olive, grey-black or black; cave-dwelling individuals may be partially unpigmented. Many animals, especially the young, have a brilliant yellow, partially broken, vertebral stripe, this often being lost with age. Ventral areas are yellow to orange, the gular fold in addition being flecked with dark brown.|
|E. a. asper|
|E. a. castelmouliensis||Described from the locality of Bagnères-de-Bigorre in the Pyrenees by Wolterstorff in 1925, but today no longer recognised as a valid subspecies.|
|E. montanus||Corsican Brook Salamander||Corsica||Max 11cm; avg. 7-9½cm||Similar in body form to E. platycephalus but the snout protrudes less and the head appears more domed. The tail is only laterally compressed along the last third of its length and the male spur on the hind leg is less pronounced.|
|E. platycephalus||Sardinian Brook Salamander, Flat-Headed Salamander||Sardinia||5-6"||Slender body with extremely flattened head: nose is protruding and reminiscent of that of a pike. Tail is laterally compressed. Males have a spur-like extension on the hind leg.|
Reptiles and Amphibians, Vaclav Lanka and Zbysek Vit, Hamlyn Colour Guide, Prague, 1985
Die Amphibien Europas, Andreas and Christel Nöllert, Franckh-Kosmos, Stuttgart, 1992.
Reptiles and Amphibians of Britain and Europe, E N Arnold, J A Burton, D W Ovenden, 2002 edition.
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