Added 3 January 2005. Last updated 21 May 2006.

Family BOMBINATORIDAE - Typical Frogs

Genus BARBOURULA - Jungle Toads

A genus of just two species. Neither, as far as I am aware, has been seen in captivity with any regularity, and B. busuangensis at least is rare so may be endangered and protected.

B. busuangensis, Busuanga Jungle Toad B. kalimantanensis, Kalimantan Jungle Toad  

Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Size Notes
B. busuangensis Busuanga Jungle Toad/ Philippine Discoglossid Frog Philippines (Palawan and Busuanga islands) 7-10cm SVL A large frog with stout, depressed body and stout limbs. It is aquatic and found only in lowland rivers and forest streams, where it apparently feeds mainly on aquatic organisms [Alcala]. Alcala notes that it is rare and describes it as a relict species. It largely resembles the aquatic ranid species Ooeidozyga laevis but can be distinguished from the latter by the possession of a short dermal process (like a tiny tentacle or barbel) just below the eye, which O. laevis lacks [Myers]. Description: head broader than long, nostrils dorsal in position, snout broadly rounded; dorsal skin rough with small scattered tubercles; lower skin surfaces smooth. Fingers tips bluntly rounded with webs reaching tips but deeply incised; tips of toes rounded and fully webbed to their ends; subarticular tubercles present. Coloration (in preservative): dorsally dark brown to brown slate, fairly uniform; ventrally dirty white to light brown.
B. kalimantanensis Kalimantan Jungle Toad Indonesia (Kalimantan) 10 cm? Found at elevations from 1200 to 1640m.


Guide to Philippine Flora and Fauna. Volume X, Amphibians and Reptiles, Prof. Angel C Alcala, Natural Resources Management Centre, Ministry of Natural Resources and University of the Philippines, 1986.

"Rediscovery of the Philippine Discoglossid Frog, Barbourula busuangensis", George S Myers, Copeia 1943 Number 3, October 15.


AmphibiaWeb is a useful source for species lists and seems to be the amphibian equivalent of the EMBL Reptile Database. A very worthwhile and important project which also focuses on conservation and the issue of amphibian decline. I acknowledge my debt to this site for filling in the gaps in the different amphibian genera. Any mistakes on these pages are my own!